The Objective and Aim of Academic Writing
A research paper, dissertation, or thesis proves crucial to students' learning experience in universities, especially for postgraduate and doctoral levels. All these academic papers require the correct construction of the objectives and aims. It results from the significance of the objective and aims section as it establishes the direction, depth, and scope that your study will take. Additionally, practical objectives and aims set will provide your study with a focus, ultimately leading to the reader getting clarity about your work. The aims indicate what your study intends to achieve, while the objectives indicate the approach to achieving the aims.
Most students struggle to write the objectives and aim of their academic papers that ultimately become costly as it compromises their entire research write-up. Therefore, it becomes essential to write this section properly to have any chance of getting your write-up going in the most effective ways. So what should you consider to ensure you do the objectives and aims section well?
Writing the Objectives and Aims of an Academic Paper
Firstly, it becomes crucial to note that no single defined method exists when it comes to writing a set of objectives and aims for your research. Every researcher approaches their objective and aims differently, and in most instances, your supervisor will have a huge bearing on how you formulate yours based on their preferences. However, the basic principles that guide the formulation of the objectives and aims of research remain relatively the same. Consider the following when formulating your set of research objectives and purposes.
Research Aims. The research aim needs to have three components that should answer why the study proves essential, what the study entails, and how you will accomplish the research.
The best and most straightforward way to go about this entails addressing every question in isolation though you can also combine them and write multiple sentences addressing each question. The "why" gives your study context, while the "what" describes your study's aim. The last encompasses the "how" and acts as the introduction to the objectives that immediately follow.
Kindly note that you only have to limit your study aims to one. However, most people will define a single overarching aim and adopt a maximum of three specific study aims for their dissertation or thesis. Further, you will have to complete both of your particular objectives to have your study declared complete by your assessors.
Research Objectives. Your study objectives have to become SMART. Firstly, ensure that the goals prove specific, and no ambiguity exists in your action plan. Further, it should be well defined and focused. The second aspect entails measurability. Determine how you will quantify the progress and the determinant of achieving the action. The objective also has to prove achievable, where you determine if you have the revenant support to facilitate the realization of the study objectives. It should again come relevant, where the aim has to show its significance in achieving the research aim. Finally, the objective must prove time-bound, and here, try and ensure that the aim can realistically get completed within the available period you have for the study.
Additionally, try and ensure that your objectives start by using a verb to communicate your intention. It can include verbs such as applying, analyzing, synthesizing, evaluating, reviewing, discussing, discovering, identifying, summarizing, using, demonstrating, and summarizing.
Lastly, try and have your study objectives in a numbered format. It becomes essential when it comes to making references to a particular study objective.
It becomes essential to structure and write your study objectives and aims correctly to ensure your study has direction and clarity when someone reads it. So consider the advice and get your objective and aims section in order.